Croatia

2008-01-26 07:59:00

CroatiaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchRepublika Hrvatska Republic of Croatia   Flag Coat of arms  Anthem: Lijepa naša domovinoOur beautiful homeland  Location of  Croatia  (orange) on the European continent  (white)  —  [Legend] Capital(and largest city) Zagreb45°48′N, 16°0′E Official languages Croatian[1] Demonym Croat(s)Croatian(s) Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Stjepan Mesić  -  Premier Ivo Sanader Establishment   -  Founded First half of 7th century   -  Medieval duchy March 4, 852   -  Independence May 21, 879   -  Elevated to kingdom 925   -  Union with Hungary 1102   -  Joined Habsburg Empire January 1, 1527   -  Independence from Austria-Hungary October 29, 1918   -  Joined Yugoslavia (co-creator) December 1, 1918   -  Declared independence June 25, 1991  Area  -  Total 56,542 km² (126th)21,831 sq mi   -  Water (%) 0.2 Population  -  Sep 2007 estimate 4,440,690 (114th)  -  2001 census 4,437,460   -  Density 81/km² (109th)208/sq mi GDP (PPP) Sep 2007 estimate  -  Total $66.708 billion[2] (68th)  -  Per capita 18,800$ (45th) GDP (nominal) Sep 2007 estimate  -  Total $66.708 billion (EIU)   -  Per capita $12,374$ (IMF)  Gini (2005) 29 (low)  HDI (2005)  0.850 (high) (47th) Currency kuna (HRK) Time zone CET (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Internet TLD .hr Calling code +385 1 Also Italian in Istria and languages of other national minorities (Serbian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, etc.) in residential municipalities of the national minorities. Croatia (IPA: /kroʊˈeɪʃə/) (Croatian: Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Repu... Devamı

Denmark

2008-01-26 07:58:00

DenmarkFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchFor other uses, including the disambiguation of "Danmark", see Denmark (disambiguation).Kongeriget Danmark Kingdom of Denmark   Flag Coat of arms  Motto: none(Royal motto: Guds hjælp, Folkets kærlighed, Danmarks styrke"(The) Help of God, the Love of (the) People, (the) Strength of Denmark") Anthem: Der er et yndigt land (national) Royal anthem: Kong Christian (royal) Image:Location Denmark EU Europe.pngLocation of  Denmark  (dark green) – on the European continent  (light green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (light green) Capital(and largest city) Copenhagen55°43′N, 12°34′E Official languages Danish1 Demonym Danish Government Parliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Margrethe II  -  Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen Consolidation (prehistoric)  EU accession 1 January 1973 Area  -  Total 43,094 km² (134th²)16,639² sq mi   -  Water (%) 1.6² Population  -  2007 estimate 5,470,919 (108th)  -  Density 129.04/km² (78th²)334.23/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2006 estimate  -  Total $198.5 billion (45th)  -  Per capita $37,000 (6th) GDP (nominal) 2006 estimate  -  Total $256.3 billion (27th)  -  Per capita $46,600 (6th) Gini (1997) 24.7 (low) (1st) HDI (2004)  0.943 (high) (14th) Currency Danish krone (DKK) Time zone CET² (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST² (UTC+2) Internet TLD .dk2,3 Calling code +454 1 Co-official with Greenlandic in Greenland, and Faroese in the Faroe Islands. German is recognised as a protected minority language in the South Jutland (Sønderjylland) area of Denmark. Danish is recognized as a protected minority language in the Schleswig-Holstein region of Germany.² For Denmark excluding the Faroe Islands and Greenland.³ The TLD .eu is shared with other European Union countries.4 The Faroe... Devamı

Czech Republic

2008-01-26 07:49:00

Czech RepublicFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchČeská republika Czech Republic   Flag Coat of arms  Motto: "Pravda vítězí"  (Czech)"Truth prevails" Anthem: Kde domov můj  Location of the  Czech Republic  (orange) – on the European continent  (camel & white)– in the European Union  (camel)                  [Legend] Capital(and largest city) Prague50°05′N, 14°28′E Official languages Czech Demonym Czech Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Václav Klaus  -  Prime Minister Mirek Topolánek Independence (formed 9th century)   -  from Austria-Hungary October 28, 1918   -  Czechoslovakia dissolved January 1, 1993  EU accession May 1, 2004 Area  -  Total 78,866 km² (117th)30,450 sq mi   -  Water (%) 2.0 Population  -  20071 estimate 10,349,372 (78th)  -  2001 census 10,230,060   -  Density 130/km² (77th)337/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2006 IMF estimate  -  Total $236.536 billion (41st²)  -  Per capita $25,346 (33rd) GDP (nominal) 2006 IMF estimate  -  Total $141.801 billion (41st)  -  Per capita $13,848 (39th) Gini (1996) 25.4 (low) (5th) HDI (2005)  0.891 (high) (32nd) Currency Czech koruna (CZK) Time zone CET (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Internet TLD .cz³ Calling code +4204 1 30 September 2007 (See Population changes - 1st-3rd quarter of 2007). 2 Rank based on 2005 IMF data. 3 Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states. 4 Shared code 42 with Slovakia until 1997. The Czech Republic (IPA: /ˈtʃɛk riˈpʌblɨk/) (Czech: Česká republika (help·info), short form in Czech: Česko, IPA: [ʧɛsko]), is a landlocked country in Central Europe and a member st... Devamı

Cyprus

2008-01-26 07:48:00

CyprusFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchNot to be confused with Cypress.Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία (Greek)Kypriakī́ DīmokratíaKıbrıs Cumhuriyeti (Turkish) Republic of Cyprus   Flag Coat of arms  Anthem: Ύμνος εις την ΕλευθερίανImnos is tin Eleftherian  (transliteration)Hymn to Freedom 1  Location of  Cyprus  (dark green) – on the European continent  (light green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (light green) Capital(and largest city) Nicosia (Lefkosia)35°08′N, 33°28′E Official languages Greek, Turkish Demonym Cypriot Government Presidential republic  -  President Tassos Papadopoulos Independence from United Kingdom   -  Date 16 August 1960  EU accession 1 May 2004 Area  -  Total 9,251 km² (167th)3,572 sq mi   -  Water (%) negligible Population  -  2007 census 788,457   -  Density 90/km² (85th)233/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2008 IMF estimate  -  Total $25.844 billion (110th)  -  Per capita $32,959 (26th) GDP (nominal) 2008 IMF estimate  -  Total $22.119 billion (90th)  -  Per capita $28,209 (28th) HDI (2007)  0.903 (high) (28th) Currency Euro (€)3 (EUR) Time zone EET (UTC+2)  -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3) Internet TLD .cy4 Calling code +357 1 "Ymnos pros tin Eleutherian" is also used as the national anthem of Greece. 2 UN population estimate for entire island including Turkish-controlled areas. 3 Prior to 2008: Cypriot pound 4 The .eu domain is also used, shared with other European Union member states. Cyprus (Greek: Κύπρος, Kýpros; Turkish: Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Greek: Κ&... Devamı

Bosnia and Herzegovina

2008-01-26 07:46:00

Bosnia and HerzegovinaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchThis article is about the country of Bosnia and Herzegovina. For other uses of the term Bosnia, see Bosnia.Bosna i HercegovinaБосна и Херцеговина Bosnia and Herzegovina   Flag Coat of arms  Motto: None Anthem: Državna himna Bosne i Hercegovine  Location of  Bosnia and Herzegovina  (orange) on the European continent  (white)  —  [Legend] Capital(and largest city) Sarajevo43°52′N, 18°25′E Official languages Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian Demonym Bosnian, Herzegovinian Government Parliamentary democracy  -  Presidency members Željko Komšić1Nebojša Radmanović2Haris Silajdžić3  -  Chairman of theCouncil of Ministers Nikola Špirić  -  High Representative Miroslav Lajčák4 Independence  -  Formed 29 August 1189   -  Kingdom established 26 October 1377   -  Independence lost   to Ottoman Empire 1463   -  National Day November 25, 1943   -  Independence from SFR Yugoslavia March 1, 1992   -  Recognized April 6, 1992  Area  -  Total 51,197 km² (127th)19,767 sq mi   -  Water (%) negligible Population  -  2007 estimate 3,935,000 (126th5)  -  1991 census 4,377,053   -  Density 89/km² (116th5)230/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate  -  Total $42.998 billion (IMF) (94th)  -  Per capita 10,715 ([1]) (77th) Gini (2001) 26.2 (low)  HDI (2004)  0.803 (high) (66th) Currency Convertible mark (BAM) Time zone CET (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Internet TLD .ba Calling code +387 1 Curent presidency Chair; Croat. 2 Curent presidency member; Serb. 3 Curent presidenc... Devamı