Finland

2008-01-26 08:08:00

FinlandFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchSuomen tasavaltaRepubliken Finland Republic of Finland   Flag Coat of arms  Anthem: Maamme  (Finnish)Vårt land  (Swedish)Our Land  Location of  Finland  (dark green) – on the European continent  (light green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (light green) Capital(and largest city) Helsinki60°10′N, 24°56′E Official languages Finnish, Swedish Demonym Finnish, Finn Government Parliamentary republic1  -  President Tarja Halonen (sd)  -  Prime Minister Matti Vanhanen (c) Independence from Russian SFSR   -  Autonomy March 29, 1809   -  Declared December 6, 1917   -  Recognised January 3, 1918  EU accession January 1, 1995 Area  -  Total 338,145 km² (65th)130,558 sq mi   -  Water (%) 10,0 Population  -  2007 estimate 5,301,992[1] (111th)  -  2000 census 5,155,000   -  Density 16/km² (161st)40/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2005 estimate  -  Total $163 billion (52nd)  -  Per capita $34,819 (12th) GDP (nominal) 2005 estimate  -  Total $193.491 billion (31st)  -  Per capita $40,197 (12th) Gini (2000) 26.9 (low)  HDI (2007)  0.952 (high) (11th) Currency Euro (€)² (EUR) Time zone EET (UTC+2)  -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3) Internet TLD .fi, .ax ³ Calling code +358 1 Semi-presidential system 2 Prior to 2002: Finnish markka 3 The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states. Finland, officially the Republic of Finland[2] (Finnish: Suomi; Swedish: Finland (help·info)), is a Nordic country situated in Northern Europe. It has borders with Sweden to the west, Russia to the east, and Norway to the north, while Estonia lies to its south across the Gulf of Finland. The capital city is Helsinki. Finland has a population of 5,... Devamı

Georgia

2008-01-26 08:07:00

Georgia (country)From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchსაქართველოSakartvelo Georgia   Flag Coat of arms  Motto: ძალა ერთობაშია"Strength is in Unity" Anthem: "თავისუფლება""Freedom"  Capital(and largest city) Tbilisi41°43′N, 44°47′E Official languages Georgian1 Demonym Georgian Government Unitary semi-presidential republic  -  President of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili  -  Prime Minister Lado Gurgenidze Consolidation  -  Georgian kingdoms of Colchis and Iberia c.2000 BC   -  Georgian Kingdom unified 1008   -  Democratic Republic of Georgia 26 May 1918   -  Independence from the Soviet UnionDeclaredFinalised 09 April 199125 December 1991  Area  -  Total 69,700 km² (121st)26,912 sq mi  Population  -  2005 estimate 4,661,4732 (117th)  -  Density 64/km² (129)166/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2005 estimate  -  Total $17.79 billion (122nd)  -  Per capita $3,800 (119th) HDI (2007)  0.754 (medium) (96th) Currency Lari (ლ) (GEL) Time zone UTC (UTC+4) Internet TLD .ge Calling code +995 Patron saint St. George, Virgin Mary 1 Also Abkhaz within the The Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia. 2 From CIA World Factbook.[1] Population figure excludes those parts of Abkhazia and South Ossetia that are not controlled by the Government of Georgia. Georgia[2] (Georgian: საქართველო, transliterated as Sakartvelo) is a Eurasian country in the Caucasus located at the east coast of the Black Sea. It is bordered on the north by Russia, on the south by Turkey and Armenia, and on the east by Azerbaijan. It is a transcontinental country, located at the junc... Devamı

France

2008-01-26 08:04:00

FranceFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchRépublique française French Republic   Flag National Emblem  Motto: Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity" Anthem: "La Marseillaise"  Location of Metropolitan  France  (dark green) – on the European continent  (light green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (light green)  Territory of the French Republic in the world(excl. Antarctica where sovereignty is suspended) Capital(and largest city) Paris48°52′N, 2°19.59′E Official languages French Demonym French Government Unitary semi-presidential republic  -  President Nicolas Sarkozy  -  Prime Minister François Fillon Formation  -  French State 843 (Treaty of Verdun)   -  Current constitution 1958 (5th Republic)  EU accession March 25, 1957 Area  -  Total[1] 674,843 km² (40th)260,558 sq mi   -  Metropolitan France   - IGN[2] 551,695 km² (47th)213,010 sq mi   - Cadastre[3] 543,965 km² (47th)210,026  sq mi Population   (January 1, 2008 estimate)  -  Total[1] 64,473,140[5] (20th)  -  Metropolitan France 61,875,822[4] (20th)  -  Density[6] 114/km² (89th)295/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2006 estimate  -  Total US]1.871 trillion (7th)  -  Per capita US $30,100 (20th) GDP (nominal) 2006 estimate  -  Total US $2.232 trillion (6th)  -  Per capita US $35,404 (18th) Gini (2002) 26.7 (low)  HDI (2005)  0.952 (high) (10th) Currency Euro,[7] CFP Franc[8] (EUR,    XPF) Time zone CET[6] (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST[6] (UTC+2) Internet TLD .fr[9] Calling code +33[10]  France Portal France (French: IPA: [fʁɑ̃s]) , officially the French Republic (French: République française, IPA: [ʁepyˈblik fʁɑ̃ˈsɛz]) , is a country whose metropol... Devamı

Faroe Islands

2008-01-26 08:03:00

Faroe IslandsFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchFøroyarFærøerne Faroe Islands   Flag Coat of arms  Anthem: Tú alfagra land míttYou, my most beauteous land  Capital(and largest city) Tórshavn62°00′N, 06°47′W Official languages Faroese, Danish Demonym Faroese Government  -  Monarch Margrethe II  -  Prime Minister Jóannes Eidesgaard Autonomous province of the Kingdom of Denmark  -  Home rule 1948  Area  -  Total 1,399 km² (180th)540 sq mi   -  Water (%) 0.5 Population  -  August 2007 estimate 48 500 (214th)  -  2004 census 48,470   -  Density 34/km² (169th)88/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2006 estimate  -  Total $2.2 billion (not ranked)  -  Per capita $45,250 (2006 estimate) (not ranked) HDI (2006) 0.9431 (high) (15th) Currency Faroese króna² (DKK) Time zone GMT  -  Summer (DST) EST (UTC+1) Internet TLD .fo Calling code +298 1 Information for Denmark including the Faroe Islands and Greenland. 2 The currency, printed with Faroese motifs, is issued at par with the Danish kroner, incorporates the same security features and uses the same sizes and standards as Danish coins and banknotes. Faroese krónur (singular króna) use the Danish ISO 4217 code "DKK".  Faroe Islands NASA satellite image.The Faroe Islands or Faeroe Islands or simply Faroe(s) or Faeroes (Faroese: Føroyar, meaning "Sheep Islands", Danish: Færøerne, Old Norse: Færeyjar) are a group of islands in Northern Europe, between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, roughly equidistant between Iceland, Scotland, and Norway. They have been an autonomous province of the Kingdom of Denmark since 1948, making it a member of the Rigsfællesskab. The Faroese have, over the years, taken control of most matters except defence (though they have a native coast guard), foreign affairs and the legal system. These three areas are the responsibil... Devamı

Bulgaria

2008-01-26 08:01:00

BulgariaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchFor other uses, see Bulgaria (disambiguation).Република БългарияRepublika Balgariya [1] Republic of Bulgaria   Flag Coat of arms  Motto: Съединението прави силата  (Bulgarian)"Saedinenieto pravi silata"  (transliteration)"Unity makes strength"1 Anthem: Мила Родино  (Bulgarian)Mila Rodino  (transliteration)Dear Motherland  Location of  Bulgaria  (orange) – on the European continent  (camel & white)– in the European Union  (camel)                  [Legend] Capital(and largest city) Sofia42°41′N, 23°19′E Official languages Bulgarian Demonym Bulgarian Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Georgi Parvanov  -  Prime Minister Sergei Stanishev Formation  -  Founded 681[2]   -  Last previously independent state2 1396   -  Independence from Ottoman Empire 1878   -  Unification with Rumelia 1885   -  Officially recognized independence 1908  EU accession January 1, 2007 Area  -  Total 110,910 km² (104th)42,823 sq mi   -  Water (%) 0.3 Population  -  2008 estimate 7 642 882 (93rd)  -  1989 census 9,009,018   -  Density 69.3/km² (124th)185/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate  -  Total $92.559 billion (63th)  -  Per capita $12,640 (65th) GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate  -  Total $32.788 billion (75th)  -  Per capita $4,477 (80th) Gini (2003) 29.2 (low) ... Devamı