Hungary

2008-01-26 08:12:01

HungaryFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchMagyar Köztársaság Republic of Hungary   Flag Coat of arms  Motto: noneHistorically Regnum Mariae Patronae Hungariae (Latin)"Kingdom of Mary the Patroness of Hungary" Anthem: Himnusz ("Isten, áldd meg a magyart")"Hymn" ("God, bless the Hungarians")  Location of  Hungary  (orange) – on the European continent  (camel & white)– in the European Union  (camel)                  [Legend] Capital(and largest city) Budapest47°26′N, 19°15′E Official languages Hungarian (Magyar) Demonym Hungarian Government Parliamentary republic  -  President László Sólyom  -  Prime minister Ferenc Gyurcsány Foundation  -  Kingdom of Hungary December 1000  EU accession May 1, 2004 Area  -  Total 93,030 km² (109th)35,919 sq mi   -  Water (%) 0.74% Population  -  2007 estimate 10,053,000 [1] (79th)  -  2001 census 10,198,315   -  Density 109/km² (92nd)282/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate  -  Total $208.157 billion[2] (48th)  -  Per capita $20,700[2] (39th) Gini (2002) 24.96 (low) (3rd) HDI (2007)  0.874 (high) (36th) Currency Forint (HUF) Time zone CET (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Internet TLD .hu1 Calling code +36 1 Also .eu as part of the European Union. Hungary (Hungarian: Magyarország; IPA: [mɒɟɒrorsaːg]; listen (help·info)), officially in English the Republic of Hungary (Magyar Köztársaság listen (help·info), literally Magyar (Hungarian) Republic), is a landlocked country in the Carpathian Basin of Central Europe, bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, and Slovenia. Its capital is Budapest. Hungary is a member of OECD, NATO, EU and a Schengen state. The official language is Hungarian, part of ... Devamı

Republic of Ireland

2008-01-26 08:12:00

Republic of IrelandFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchÉire Ireland   Flag Coat of arms  Anthem: Amhrán na bhFiann  The Soldier's Song  Location of the  Republic of Ireland  (dark green) – on the European continent  (light green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (light green) Capital(and largest city) Dublin53°20.65′N, 6°16.05′W Official languages Irish, English Demonym Irish Government Republic and Parliamentary Democracy  -  President Mary McAleese  -  Taoiseach Bertie Ahern, TD Independence from the United Kingdom   -  Declared 24 April 1916   -  Ratified 21 January 1919   -  Recognised 6 December 1922   -  Current constitution 29 December 1937  EU accession January 1, 1973 Area  -  Total 70,273 km² (120th)27,133 sq mi   -  Water (%) 2.00 Population  -  2007 estimate 4,339,000[1]   -  2006 census 4,239,848 (121st)  -  Density 60.3/km² (139th)147.6/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2006 estimate  -  Total $177.2 billion (49th)  -  Per capita $43,600 (2nd) GDP (nominal) 2006 estimate  -  Total $202.9 billion (30th)  -  Per capita $50,150 (5th) HDI (2005)  0.959 (high) (5th) Currency Euro (€)¹ (EUR) Time zone WET (UTC+0)  -  Summer (DST) IST (WEST) (UTC+1) Internet TLD .ie2 Calling code +353 1 Prior to 1999: Irish pound. 2 The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.  Ireland Portal Ireland (Irish: Éire, pronounced [ˈeːrʲə]) is a country in north-western Europe. The modern sovereign state occupies five-sixths of the island of Ireland, which was partitioned in 1921. It is bordered by Northern Ireland (part of the United Kingdom) to the north, by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and by the Irish Sea to the east. T... Devamı

Iceland

2008-01-26 08:11:00

IcelandFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchThis article is about the country in Europe. For other uses, see Iceland (disambiguation).Lýðveldið Ísland or Ísland Republic of Iceland   Flag Coat of arms  Anthem: Lofsöngur  Location of Iceland (green) in Europe (grey) Capital(and largest city) Reykjavík64°08′N, 21°56′W Official languages Icelandic (de facto) Demonym Icelander Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson  -  Prime Minister Geir H. Haarde Independence from Denmark   -  Home rule 1 February 1904   -  Sovereignty 1 December 1918   -  Republic 17 June 1944  Area  -  Total 103,000 km² (107th)39,770 sq mi   -  Water (%) 2.7 Population  -  December 2007 estimate 312,8721 (172nd)  -  December 1980 census 229,187   -  Density 3,1/km² (195th)7.5/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2006 estimate  -  Total $12.172 billion (132nd)  -  Per capita $40,277 (2005) (5th) GDP (nominal) 2006 estimate  -  Total $16.579 billion (93rd)  -  Per capita $62,976 (4th) HDI (2007)  0.968 (high) (1st) Currency Icelandic króna (ISK) Time zone GMT (UTC+0) Internet TLD .is Calling code +354 1 Statistics Iceland:Key figures. www.statice.is (1 October 2007). Iceland, officially the Republic of Iceland (Icelandic: Ísland or Lýðveldið Ísland; IPA: [ˈliðvɛldɪð ˈistland]) is a country in northern Europe, comprising the island of Iceland and its outlying islets in the North Atlantic Ocean between the rest of Europe and Greenland.[1] It is the least populous of the Nordic countries and the second smallest; it has a population of about 313,000 and a total area of 103,000 km². Its capital and largest city is Reykjavík. Located on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Iceland is volcanically and geologically active on a ... Devamı

Guernsey

2008-01-26 08:10:00

GuernseyFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchFor other uses, see Guernsey (disambiguation).Bailiwick of GuernseyBailliage de Guernesey   Flag Coat of arms  Anthem: "God Save the Queen" (official)"Sarnia Cherie" (official for occasions when distinguishing anthem required)  Capital St Peter Port49°27′N, 2°33′W Official languages English (predominant)French (legislative) Recognised regional languages Guernésiais Government British Crown dependency  -  Head of state Elizabeth II, Duke of Normandy  -  Lt. Governor Sir Fabian Malbon  -  Bailiff Geoffrey Rowland  -  Chief Minister Mike Torode British Crown dependency  -  Separation from mainland Normandy... 1204   -  Liberationfrom Nazi Germany 9 May 1945  Area  -  Total 78 km² (223rd)30.1 sq mi   -  Water (%) 0 Population  -  July 2007 estimate 65,573 (197th)  -  Density 836.3/km² (12th1)2,166/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2003 estimate  -  Total $2.59 billion (176th)  -  Per capita $40,000 (5th2) HDI (n/a) n/a (n/a) (n/a) Currency Pound sterling3 (GBP) Time zone GMT  -  Summer (DST)  (UTC+1) Internet TLD .gg Calling code +44-1481 1 Rank based on population density of the Channel Islands including Jersey. 2 2003 estimate. 3 The States of Guernsey issue their own sterling coins and banknotes (see Guernsey pound). The Bailiwick of Guernsey (French: Bailliage de Guernesey) is a British Crown dependency in the English Channel off the coast of Normandy. As well as the island of Guernsey itself, it also includes Alderney, Sark, Herm, Jethou, Brecqhou, Burhou, Lihou and other islets. Although the defence of all these islands is the responsibility of the United Kingdom, Guernsey is not part of the UK but rather a separate possession of the Crown, comparable to the Isle of Man. Guernsey is also not a member of the European Union. The isla... Devamı

Gibraltar

2008-01-26 08:09:00

GibraltarFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchFor other uses, see Gibraltar (disambiguation).Gibraltar   Flag Coat of arms  Motto: Nulli Expugnabilis Hosti  (Latin)"No enemy shall expel us".1 Anthem: "Gibraltar Anthem""God Save the Queen"  Capital(and largest city) Gibraltar36°8′N, 5°21′W Official languages English Demonym Gibraltarian Government British Overseas Territory  -  Head of state Queen Elizabeth II  -  Governor Robert Fulton  -  Chief Minister Peter Caruana Event Date   -  Captured 4th August 1704   -  Ceded 1713 (Treaty of Utrecht)   -  National Day 10th September   -  Constitution Day 29th January  Area  -  Total 6.5 km² (229th)2.5 sq mi   -  Water (%) 0% Population  -  Jul 2007 estimate 27,967 (207th)  -  Density 4,290/km² (5th)11,154/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2000 estimate  -  Total $769 million (197th)  -  Per capita $27,900 (n/a) HDI (n/a) n/a (n/a) (n/a) Currency Gibraltar pound £2 (GIP) Time zone CET (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Internet TLD .gi Calling code [[+3503]] 1 National Symbols of Gibraltar 2 Pegged with UK pound sterling at par. Coins and notes issued by the Government of Gibraltar. 3 Before February 10, 2007, 9567 from Spain. Gibraltar (IPA: /dʒɨˈbrɒltər/) is a British overseas territory located near the southernmost tip of the Iberian Peninsula overlooking the Strait of Gibraltar. The territory shares a border with Spain to the north. Gibraltar has historically been an important base for the British Armed Forces and is the site of a Royal Navy base. The name of the territory is derived from the Arabic name Jabal Tāriq (جبل طارق), meaning "mountain of Tariq", or from Gibel Tāriq, meaning "rock of Tariq".[1] It refers to the geolog... Devamı