Republic of Macedonia

2008-01-26 08:18:00

Republic of MacedoniaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchThis article is about the country in Europe. For other uses, see Macedonia.For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology).Република МакедонијаRepublika Makedonija[1] Republic of Macedonia   Flag Coat of arms  Motto: Слобода или смрт  (Macedonian)"Freedom or death"[citation needed] Anthem: Денес над Македонија  (Macedonian)"Today over Macedonia"  Location of the  Republic of Macedonia  (orange) on the European continent  (white)  —  [Legend] Capital(and largest city) Skopje42°0′N, 21°26′E Official languages Macedonian, Albanian1 Demonym Macedonian Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Branko Crvenkovski  -  Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski Independence from Yugoslavia   -  Declared September 8, 1991  Area  -  Total 25,333 km² (148th)9,779 sq mi   -  Water (%) 1.9 Population  -  2006 estimate 2,038,514 [6] (143rd)  -  2002 census 2,022,547   -  Density 79/km² (111th)205/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2006 estimate  -  Total $16.94 billion (121st)  -  Per capita $7,645 (80th) Gini (2004) 29.3 (low)  HDI (2005)  0.801 (high) (69th) Currency Macedonian denar (MKD) Time zone CET (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Internet TLD .mk Calling code +389 1 Macedonian is designated as the primary official language. As of June 2002, any language spoken by at least 20% of the population is also an official language. At present, only Albanian fulfills this requir... Devamı

Luxembourg

2008-01-26 08:17:00

LuxembourgFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchThis article is about the country in western Europe. For other uses, see Luxembourg (disambiguation).Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg (Luxembourgish)Grand-Duché de Luxembourg (French)Großherzogtum Luxemburg (German) Grand Duchy of Luxembourg   Flag Coat of arms  Motto: "Mir wëlle bleiwe wat mir sinn"  (Luxembourgish)"We want to remain what we are" Anthem: Ons Hémécht"Our Homeland"Royal anthem: De Wilhelmus 1  Capital(and largest city) Luxembourg49°36′N, 6°7′E Official languages French, German, Luxembourgish(de jure since 1984) Demonym Luxembourgers Government Parliamentary democracy and Constitutional grand duchy  -  Grand Duke Grand Duke Henri (List)  -  Prime minister Jean-Claude Juncker (List) History  -  Independence 9 June 1815   -  1st Treaty of London 19 April 1839   -  2nd Treaty of London 11 May 1867   -  End of personal union 23 November 1890  EU accession March 25, 1957 Area  -  Total 2,586.4 km² (175th)998.6 sq mi   -  Water (%) negligible Population  -  2007 estimate 480,222 (171st)  -  2001 census 439,539   -  Density 186/km² (59th)481/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2006 estimate  -  Total $32.6 billion (97th)  -  Per capita $81,511(2006) (1st) GDP (nominal) 2006 estimate  -  Total $40.577 billion (65th)  -  Per capita $87,995 (1st) HDI (2004) 0.945 (high) (12th) Currency Euro (€)2 (EUR) Time zone CET (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Internet TLD .lu3 Calling code +352 1 Not the same as the Het Wilhelmus of the Netherlands. 2 Prior to 1999: Luxembourgian franc. 3 The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states. The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg, French: Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, German: Großherzo... Devamı

Jersey

2008-01-26 08:16:00

JerseyFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchFor other uses, see Jersey (disambiguation).Bailiwick of JerseyBailliage de Jersey   Flag Coat of arms  Anthem: "God Save the Queen" (official)"Ma Normandie" ("My Normandy") (official for occasions when distinguishing anthem required)  Capital(and largest city) Saint Helier49°11.401′N, 2°06.600′W Official languages English, French Recognised regional languages Jèrriais Government Parliamentary Democracy, Constitutional Kingdom, Crown dependency  -  Chief of state Elizabeth II, Duke of Normandy  -  Lt. Governor Lt. Gen. Andrew Ridgway  -  Bailiff Sir Philip Bailhache  -  Chief Minister Senator Frank Walker Status British Crown dependency   -  Separation from mainland Normandy 1204   -  Liberation from German occupation 9 May 1945  Area  -  Total 116 km² (219th)45 sq mi   -  Water (%) 0 Population  -  Dec 2005 estimate 88,2001 (189th)  -  2007 census 95,871   -  Density 760/km² (12th²)2,018/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2003 estimate  -  Total £3.6 billion (167th)  -  Per capita £40,000 (2003 estimate) (6th) HDI (n/a) n/a (n/a) (n/a) Currency Pound sterling³ (GBP) Time zone GMT  -  Summer (DST)  (UTC+1) Internet TLD .je Calling code +44  spec. 44-1534 (landline)+44-7797     (Jersey Telecom mobile)+44-7700     (Sure mobile)+44-7829     (Airtel-Vodafone mobile) Patron saint St. Helier 1 Jersey in Figures 2 Rank based on population density of Channel Islands including Guernsey. 3 The States of Jersey issue their own sterling notes and coins (see Jersey pound). The Bailiwick of Jersey (Jèrriais: Jèrri) is a British Crown dependency[1] off the coast of Normandy, France.[2] As well as the island of Jersey itself, the Bailiwick includes the nearly uninhabite... Devamı

Greece

2008-01-26 08:15:00

GreeceFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchFor other uses, see Greece (disambiguation)."Hellas" redirects here. For other uses, see Hellas (disambiguation).Ελληνική ΔημοκρατίαEllinikí Ðimokratía Hellenic Republic   Flag Coat of Arms  Motto: Ελευθερία ή θάνατοςEleftheria i thanatos  (transliteration)"Freedom or Death" Anthem: Ύμνος εις την Ελευθερίαν(Ímnos is tin Eleftherían)Hymn to Freedom  Location of  Greece  (dark green) – on the European continent  (light green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (light green) Capital(and largest city) Athens38°00′N, 23°43′E Official languages Greek Demonym Greek Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Karolos Papoulias  -  Prime Minister Kostas Karamanlis  -  President of Parliament Dimitrios Sioufas Modern statehood  -  Independence fromthe Ottoman Empire 25 March 1821   -  Recognized 3 February 1830, at the London Conference   -  Current constitution 1975, "Third Republic"  EU accession January 1, 1981 Area  -  Total 131,990 km² (96th)50,944 sq mi   -  Water (%) 0.8669 Population  -  2007 estimate 11,170,957 [1] (74th)  -  2001 census 10,964,020 [2]   -  Density 84/km² (88th)218/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2008 IMF estimate  -  Total $412.521 billion (31st)  -  Per capita $36,983 (17th) GDP (nominal) 2008 IMF estimate  -  Total $388.332 billion (27th)  -  Per capita $34,814 (23rd) Gini (2000) 35.42 (low)  HDI (2005)  0.926 (high) (24th) Currency Euro (€)1 (EUR) Ti... Devamı

Isle of Man

2008-01-26 08:14:00

Isle of ManFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, search[edit]Ellan Vannin Isle of Man   Flag Coat of arms  Motto: Quocunque Jeceris Stabit  (Latin)Whithersoever you throw it, it will stand Anthem: "O Land of Our Birth""Arrane Ashoonagh dy Vannin" (Manx)Royal anthem: "God Save the Queen"  Capital(and largest city) Douglas54°09′N, 4°29′W Official languages Manx, English Government Crown dependency (UK) Parliamentary democracy (Constitutional monarchy)   -  Lord of Mann Elizabeth II  -  Lieutenant Governor Sir Paul Haddacks  -  First Deemster Michael Kerruish  -  President of Tynwald Noel Cringle  -  Chief Minister Tony Brown Status Crown dependency   -  Revested in British crown 1765  Area  -  Total 572 km² (190th)221 sq mi   -  Water (%) 0 Population  -   estimate 80,058 (201st)  -  Density 131.2/km² (75th)339.6/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2003 estimate  -  Total $2.113 billion (182nd)  -  Per capita $35,000 (11/12th) HDI (n/a) n/a (unranked) (n/a) Currency Pound sterling1 (GBP) Time zone GMT (UTC+0)  -  Summer (DST)  (UTC+1) Internet TLD .im Calling code +44  (UK area code 01624) 1 The Isle of Man Treasury issues its own sterling notes and coins (see Manx pound). The Isle of Man (Manx: Ellan Vannin, pronounced [ˈɛlʲən ˈvanɪn]) or Mann (Manx: Mannin, [ˈmanɪn]) is a self-governing Crown dependency, located in the Irish Sea at the geographical centre of the British Isles. The head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, who holds the title of Lord of Mann. The Crown is represented by a Lieutenant Governor. The island is not part of the United Kingdom, but external relations, defence, and ultimate good-governance of the Isle of Man are the responsibility of the government of the UK. The Isle of Man is not a part of the European Union, ... Devamı