Liechtenstein

2008-01-26 08:23:00

LiechtensteinFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchFürstentum Liechtenstein Principality of Liechtenstein   Flag Coat of arms  Motto: "Für Gott, Fürst und Vaterland""For God, Prince and Fatherland" Anthem: Oben am jungen Rhein"Up on the Young Rhine"  Location of  Liechtenstein  (circled in inset) on the European continent  (white)  —  [Legend] Capital Vaduz47°08.5′N, 9°31.4′E Largest city Schaan Official languages German Demonym Liechtensteiner, local talk Liechter Government Parliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy  -  Prince Hans-Adam II  -  Prince-Regent Alois  -  Prime Minister Otmar Hasler Independence as principality   -  Treaty of Pressburg 1806  Area  -  Total 160.4 km² (214th)62 sq mi   -  Water (%) negligible Population  -  2007 estimate 34,247 (204th)  -  2000 census 33,307   -  Density 215/km² (52nd)557/sq mi GDP (nominal) 2004 estimate  -  Total $825 million   -  Per capita $25,000  Currency Swiss franc (CHF) Time zone CET (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Internet TLD .li Calling code +423 The Principality of Liechtenstein (IPA: /ˈlɪktənstaɪn/ (German: Fürstentum Liechtenstein, (IPA: [ˈfʏʁstəntuːm ˈlɪçtənʃtaɪn]) is a tiny, doubly landlocked alpine country in Western Europe, bordered by Switzerland to its west and by Austria to its east. Mountainous, it is a winter sports resort, although it is perhaps best known as a tax haven. Despite this, it is not heavily urbanised. Many cultivated fields and small farms characterise its landscape both in the north (Unterland) and in the south (Oberland). It is the smallest German-speaking country in the world. Contents [hide]1 History 2 Government ********s 3 Municipalities 4 Geography 5 Econom... Devamı

Italy

2008-01-26 08:22:00

ItalyFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchFor other uses, see Italy (disambiguation)."Italian Republic" redirects here. For the Napoleonic state of 1802-5, see Italian Republic (Napoleonic).Repubblica Italiana Italian Republic   Flag Coat of arms  Anthem: Il Canto degli Italiani(also known as Inno di Mameli)  Location of  Italy  (dark green) – on the European continent  (light green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (light green) Capital(and largest city) Rome41°54′N, 12°29′E Official languages Italian1 Demonym Italian Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Giorgio Napolitano  -  Prime Minister Romano Prodi Formation  -  Unification 17 March 1861   -  Republic 2 June 1946  EU accession 25 March 1957 (founding member) Area  -  Total 301,318 km² (71st)116,346.5 sq mi   -  Water (%) 2.4 Population  -  May 2007 estimate 59,337,888[1] (23rd)  -  October 2001 census 57,110,144   -  Density 196.9/km² (54th)507.9/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate  -  Total $1.888 trillion [1] (8th)  -  Per capita $32,319 [2] (20th) GDP (nominal) 2007 estimate  -  Total $2.067 trillion [3] (7th)  -  Per capita $35.386 [4] (21st) Gini (2000) 36 (medium)  HDI (2005)  0.941 (high) (20th) Currency Euro (€)² (EUR) Time zone CET (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Internet TLD .it³ Calling code +39 1 French is co-official in the Aosta Valley; German and Ladin are co-official in the province of Bolzano-Bozen. Sardinian, Catalan and Corsican in Sardinia, Albanian and Greek in Southern Italy, Occitan in Piedmont, Ladin in the Province of Belluno, and Friulan and Slovenian in Friuli-Venezia Giulia are also officially recognized at different degrees. 2 Prior to 2002: Italian Lira. 3 The .eu domain is also used, as it is share... Devamı

Moldova

2008-01-26 08:21:00

MoldovaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchFor other uses of "Moldova" and "Moldavia", see Moldova (disambiguation).Republica Moldova Republic of Moldova   Flag Coat of arms  Motto: Limba noastră-i o comoară  Our language is a treasure Anthem: Limba noastră  Our Language  Location of  Moldova  (orange) on the European continent  (white) Capital(and largest city) Chişinău47°0′N, 28°55′E Official languages Moldovan (Romanian)1 Demonym Moldovan, Moldavian Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Vladimir Voronin  -  Prime Minister Vasile Tarlev Independence from the Soviet Union  -  Date August 27, 1991   -  Finalised December 25, 1991  Area  -  Total 33,843 km² (139th)13,067 sq mi   -  Water (%) 1.4 Population  -  2007 estimate 4,320,490 (121st³)  -  2004 census 3,383,332²   -  Density 111/km² (81st)339/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate  -  Total $9,367 million (141st)  -  Per capita $2,962 (135th) Gini (2003) 33.2 (medium)  HDI (2007)  0.708 (medium) (111th) Currency Moldovan leu (MDL) Time zone EET (UTC+2)  -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3) Internet TLD .md Calling code +373 1 Moldovan is commonly considered another name for Romanian. Gagauz and Russian are also official in Gagauzia, and Russian and Ukrainian are also official in Transnistria. 2 2004 census from National Bureau of Statistics. Figure does not include Transnistria and Tighina. 3 Ranking based on 2005 UN figure including Transnistria. The Republic of Moldova (Republica Moldova) is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, located between Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east and south. The country is a parliamentary democracy with a President as its head of state and a Prime Minister as its head of government. The official state language is M... Devamı

Malta

2008-01-26 08:20:00

MaltaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchThis article is about the Mediterranean country. For other uses, see Malta (disambiguation).Repubblika ta' Malta Republic Of Malta   Flag Coat of arms  Anthem: L-Innu Malti("The Maltese Anthem")  Location of  Malta  (circled in inset) – on the European continent  (camel & white)– in the European Union  (camel)                  [Legend] Capital Valletta (de facto)35°53′N, 14°30′E Largest city Birkirkara Official languages Maltese, English Demonym Maltese Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Edward Fenech Adami  -  Prime Minister Lawrence Gonzi Independence  -  from the United Kingdom September 21, 1964   -  Republic December 13, 1974  EU accession May 1, 2004 Area  -  Total 316 km² (185th)121 sq mi   -  Water (%) 0.001 Population  -  2006 estimate 402,000 (174th)  -  2005 census 404,5001   -  Density 1,282/km² (7th)3,339/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2006 estimate  -  Total $8.122 billion (144th)  -  Per capita $20,300 (37th) GDP (nominal) 2006 estimate  -  Total $5.39 billion (120th)  -  Per capita $13,408 (35th) HDI (2007) 0.878 (high) (34th) Currency Euro (€)2 (EUR) Time zone CET (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Internet TLD .mt 3 Calling code +356 1 Total population includes foreign residents. Maltese residents population estimate at end 2004 was 389,769. All official population data provided by the NSO [2].2Prior to 2008: Maltese lira3 Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states. Malta is a small and densely-populated island nation comprising an archipelago of seven islands in the Mediterranean Sea. A country of Southern Europe, Malta lies south of Sicily, east of T... Devamı

Lithuania

2008-01-26 08:19:00

LithuaniaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchLietuvos Respublika Republic of Lithuania   Flag Coat of arms  Motto: "Tautos jėga vienybėje""The strength of the nation lies in unity" Anthem: Tautiška giesmė  Location of  Lithuania  (orange) – on the European continent  (camel & white)– in the European Union  (camel)                  [Legend] Capital(and largest city) Vilnius54°41′N, 25°19′E Official languages Lithuanian Demonym Lithuanian Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Valdas Adamkus  -  Prime Minister Gediminas Kirkilas Independence from the Russian Empire (1918)   -  Lithuania mentioned February 14, 1009   -  Kingdom July 6, 1253   -  Personal union with Poland February 2, 1386   -  Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth declared 1569   -  Russian/Prussian occupation 1795   -  Independence declared February 16, 1918   -  1st Soviet occupation August 3, 1940   -  2nd Soviet occupation 1944   -  Independence restored March 11, 1990  EU accession 1 May 2004 Area  -  Total 65,200 km² (123rd)25,173 sq mi   -  Water (%) 1,35% Population  -  2007 estimate 3,369,600 (130th)  -  Density 52/km² (120th)134/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate  -  Total $54.03 billion (75th)  -  Per capita $17, 104 (49th) GDP (nominal) 2007 estimate  -  Total $25.49 billion (75th)  -  Per capita $11,208 (53rd) Gini (2003) 36 (medium)  HDI (2007)  0.862 (high) (43rd) Currency Lithuanian litas (Lt) (LTL) Time zone EET (UTC+2)  -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3) Internet TLD .lt1 Calling code +370 1 Also .eu, shared with other European Union membe... Devamı