Nagorno-Karabakh Republic

2008-01-26 08:29:01

Nagorno-Karabakh RepublicFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchԼեռնային Ղարաբաղի ՀանրապետությունLernayin Gharabaghi Hanrapetut’yun Nagorno-Karabakh Republic   Flag Coat of arms  Anthem: "Azat u ankakh Artsakh""Free and Independent Artsakh"  Capital Stepanakert39°52′N, 46°43′E Official languages Armenian1 Government Unrecognized  -  President Bako Sahakyan  -  Prime Minister Arayik Harutyunyan Independence from Azerbaijan   -  Referendum December 10, 1991   -  Proclaimed January 6, 1992   -  Recognition none  Area  -  Total 4,400 km² 1,699 sq mi  Population  -  March 2007 estimate 138,000 (n/a) Currency Armenian dram (AMD) Time zone (UTC+4)  -  Summer (DST)  (UTC+5) Calling code +374 97 1 The constitution guarantees "the free use of other languages spread among the population." The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR) (Armenian: Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ Հանրապետություն Lernayin Gharabaghi Hanrapetut’yun), commonly called Nagorno-Karabakh, is a de facto independent republic located in the Nagorno-Karabakh region of South Caucasus, which is officially part of Azerbaijan, about 270 kilometers (170 miles) west of the Azerbaijani capital of Baku and very close to the border with Armenia. The predominantly Armenian-populated region became a source of dispute between Armenia and Azerbaijan when both countries gained independence from the Russian Empire in 1918. After the Soviet Union expanded into the area, it established the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonom... Devamı

Romania

2008-01-26 08:29:00

RomaniaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchRomânia Romania   Flag Coat of arms  Motto: (each main institution has its own motto) Anthem: Deşteaptă-te, române! ("Awaken, Romanian!")  Location of  Romania  (orange) – on the European continent  (camel & white)– in the European Union  (camel)                  [Legend] Capital(and largest city) Bucharest (Bucureşti)44°25′N, 26°06′E Official languages Romanian1 Demonym Romanian Government Unitary semi-presidential republic  -  President Traian Băsescu  -  Prime Minister Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu Independence  -  Declared 9 May 1877 (O.S.)2   -  Recognized 13 July 18783  EU accession January 1, 2007 Area  -  Total 238,392 km² (82nd)92,043 sq mi   -  Water (%) 3 Population  -  July 2007 estimate 22,276,056 (50th)  -  2002 census 21,680,974   -  Density 93/km² (104th)236/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate  -  Total $256.9 billion (43rd)  -  Per capita $11,800[1] (64th) GDP (nominal) 2007 estimate  -  Total $210,6 billions (41th)  -  Per capita $7,311 (65th) Gini (2003) 31 (medium)  HDI (2005)  0.813 (high) (60th) Currency Leu (RON) Time zone EET (UTC+2)  -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3) Internet TLD .ro, .eu4 Calling code +40 1 Other languages, such as Hungarian, German, Romani, Croatian, Ukrainian and Serbian, are official at various local levels.2 Romanian War of Independence.3 Treaty of Berlin.4 The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.  For other uses, see Romania (disambiguation).Romania (dated: Rumania, Roumania; Romanian: România, IPA: [ro.mɨˈni.a]) is a country in Southeastern Europe. It shares a border with ... Devamı

Portugal

2008-01-26 08:28:00

PortugalFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchRepública Portuguesa Portuguese Republic   Flag Coat of arms  Anthem: "A Portuguesa"  Capital(and largest city) Lisbon538°46′N, 9°11′W Official languages Portuguese1 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Aníbal Cavaco Silva  -  Prime Minister José Sócrates Formation June 24, 1128   -  Founding of the First County of Portugal 868   -  Battle of São Mamede June 24, 1128   -  Kingdom 25 July 1139   -  Recognized 5 October 1143   -  Republic 5 October 1910   -  Carnation Revolution 25 April 1974  EU accession 1 January 1986 Area  -  Total 92,345 km² (110th)35,580 sq mi   -  Water (%) 0.5 Population  -  July 2007 estimate 10,848,692 (75th)  -  2001 census 10,148,259   -  Density 114/km² (87th)295/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2006 estimate  -  Total $229.881 billion (40th)  -  Per capita $23,464 (2007) (34th) HDI (2005)  0.897 (high) (29th) Currency Euro (€)² (EUR) Time zone WET³  -  Summer (DST) WEST (UTC0) Internet TLD .pt4 Calling code +351 1 Mirandese, spoken in some villages of the municipality of Miranda do Douro, was officially recognized in 1999 (Lei n.° 7/99 de 29 de Janeiro), since then awarding an official right-of-use Mirandese to the linguistic minority it is concerned.[1] The Portuguese Sign Language is also recognized. 2 Prior to 1999: Portuguese escudo. 3 Azores: UTC-1; UTC in summer. 4 The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states. 5 Coimbra was the capital of the country from 1139 to about 1260. For other uses, see Portugal (disambiguation).Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic[2] (Portuguese: República Portuguesa[3]; IPA: [ʁɛˈpublikɐ puɾtuˈgezɐ]), is a country in... Devamı

Montenegro

2008-01-26 08:26:00

MontenegroFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, search This page is currently protected from editing until disputes have been resolved.Protection is not an endorsement of the current version (protection log). Please discuss changes on the talk page or request unprotection. You may use {{editprotected}} on the talk page to ask for an administrator to make an edit for you. This article is about the country in Europe. For other uses, see Montenegro (disambiguation).Црна ГораCrna Gora Montenegro   Flag Coat of arms  Motto: none Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro"Oh, Bright Dawn of May"  Location of  Montenegro  (orange) on the European continent  (white)  —  [Legend] Capital(and largest city) Podgorica142°47′N, 19°28′E Official languages Montenegrin2Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian and Croatian Demonym Montenegrin Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Filip Vujanović  -  Prime Minister Željko Šturanović Foundation  -  Cetinje founded 1484   -  annexed by Ottoman Empire 1499   -  independence recognized 1878   -  unification with Serbia 1918   -  independence from state union 2006  Area  -  Total 13,812 km² (160th)5,019 sq mi   -  Water (%) 1.5 Population  -  July 2007 estimate 684,736[1] (162nd)  -  2003 census 620,145   -  Density 50/km² (121st)115.6/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2005/2006 estimate  -  Total $3.443 billion   -  Per capita $3,800  GDP (nominal) 2006 estimate  -  Total $2.27 billion  HDI (2004) 0.788[2] (medium) (72nd) Currency Euro3 (EUR) Time zone CET (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Internet TLD .me (.yu)4 Calling code +382 1 The traditional old capital of Montenegro is Cetinje.2 considered c... Devamı

Latvia

2008-01-26 08:24:00

LatviaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchLatvijas Republika Republic of Latvia   Flag Coat of arms  Motto: "Tēvzemei un Brīvībai"  (Latvian)"For Fatherland and Freedom" Anthem: Dievs, svētī Latviju!  (Latvian)"God, bless Latvia!"  Location of  Latvia  (orange) – on the European continent  (camel & white)– in the European Union  (camel)                  [Legend] Capital(and largest city) Riga56°57′N, 24°6′E Official languages Latvian Ethnic groups  59.0% Latvians28.3% Russians  3.7% Belarusians  2.4% Poles  6.3% others Demonym Latvian Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Valdis Zatlers  -  Prime Minister Ivars Godmanis Independence1 from Russia and Germany   -  Declared November 18, 1918   -  Recognized January 26, 1921   -  Proclaimed2 May 4, 1990   -  Completed September 6, 1991  EU accession May 1, 2004 Area  -  Total 64,589 km² (124th)24,937 sq mi   -  Water (%) 1.5 Population  -  December 2007 estimate 2,270,700 (143rd)  -  2000 census 2 375 000   -  Density 36/km² (166th)93/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate  -  Total $29.214 billion (95th)  -  Per capita $18,005 (46th) Gini (2003) 37.7 (medium)  HDI (2007)  0.855 (high) (45th) Currency Lats (Ls) (LVL) Time zone EET (UTC+2)  -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3) Internet TLD .lv 3 Calling code +371 1 Latvia is continuous with the first republic.2 Secession from Soviet Union begun.3 Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states. Latvia (IPA: /ˈlætviːə/) (historically Lattonia, Lettonia, or Lettland), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvian: Latvija or Latvijas Republika, Livo... Devamı