Slovakia

2008-01-26 08:36:01

SlovakiaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchSlovenská republika Slovak Republic   Flag Coat of arms  Anthem: Nad Tatrou sa blýska"Lightning over the Tatras"  Location of  Slovakia  (orange) – on the European continent  (camel & white)– in the European Union  (camel)                  [Legend] Capital(and largest city) Bratislava48°09′N, 17°07′E Official languages Slovak Demonym Slovak Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Ivan Gašparovič  -  Prime Minister Robert Fico Independence due to dissolution of Czechoslovakia   -  Date January 1, 19931  EU accession May 1, 2004 Area  -  Total 49,035 km² (130th)18,932 sq mi   -  Water (%) negligible Population  -  2007 estimate 5,447,502 (110th)  -  2001 census 5,379,455   -  Density 111/km² (88th)287/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate  -  Total $99.19 billion (61st)  -  Per capita $20,002 (42nd) HDI (2004)  0.863 (high) (42nd) Currency Slovak koruna (1 koruna = 100 haliers) (SKK) Time zone CET (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Internet TLD .sk² Calling code +421³ 1 Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia; see Velvet Divorce.² Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.³ Shared code 42 with Czech Republic until 1997. Slovakia (long form: Slovak Republic; Slovak: Slovensko, long form Slovenská republika) is a landlocked country in Central Europe with a population of over five million and an area of about 49,000 square kilometres (almost 19,000 square miles). The Slovak Republic borders the Czech Republic and Austria to the west, Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east and Hungary to the south. The largest city is its capital, Bratislava. Slovakia is a member stat... Devamı

Serbia

2008-01-26 08:36:00

SerbiaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchNot to be confused with Republika Srpska.Република СрбијаRepublika Srbija Republic of Serbia   Flag Coat of arms  Anthem: Bože pravdeGod of Justice  Location of  Serbia  (orange) on the European continent  (white) Capital(and largest city) Belgrade44°48′N, 20°28′E Official languages Serbian Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian,Rusyn 1 Albanian 2 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav Koštunica Establishment  -  First state 7th century   -  Serbian Kingdom 1217   -  Serbian Empire 1345   -  Independence lost 3 1459   -  First Serbian Uprising (Statehood) February 15, 1804   -  De facto independence 25 March 1867   -  De jure 13 July 1878   -  Unification 1 December 1918  Area  -  Total 88,361 km² (113th)34,116 sq mi   -  Water (%) 0.13 Population  -  2007 estimate 10,350,265 (80th)  -  2007 census 7,498,0004   -  Density 115/km² (94th)297/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate  -  Total $64,100 billion (World Bank) (67th)  -  Per capita $8,264 (81st) Gini (2007) .24 (low)  HDI   0.811 high  Currency Serbian Dinar4 (RSD) Time zone CET (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Internet TLD .rs (.yu)5 Calling code +381 1 All spoken in Vojvodina.² Spoken in Kosovo.³ to the Ottoman Empire and Kingdom of Hungary4 does not include the figures for Kosovo5The Euro is used in Kosovo alongside the Dinar.6 .rs became active in September 2007. Suffix .yuwill exist until September 2009. The Republic of Serbia (Serbian: Репу ... Devamı

San Marino

2008-01-26 08:35:00

San MarinoFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchFor other uses, see San Marino (disambiguation).Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino Most Serene Republic of San Marino   Flag Coat of arms  Motto: Libertas  (Latin)"Liberty" Anthem: "Inno Nazionale della Repubblica"  Location of  San Marino  (circled in inset) on the European continent  (white) Capital San Marino43°56′N, 12°27′E Largest city Dogana, San Marino Official languages Italian1 Demonym Sammarinese Government Parliamentary republic  -  Captains Regent Mirko Tomassoni‎Alberto Selva‎ Foundation  -  Date September 3, 301  Area  -  Total 61 km² (223rd)23.5 sq mi   -  Water (%) negligible Population  -  July 2007 estimate 29,615 (212th)  -  Density 481/km² (20th)1,225/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2001 estimate  -  Total $904 million (195th)  -  Per capita $34,600 (12th) HDI (2003) n/a (unranked) (n/a) Currency Euro (€) (EUR) Time zone CET (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Internet TLD .sm Calling code +378  (0549 from Italy) Patron saint St. Agatha 1 SAN MARINO. UNECE. The Most Serene Republic of San Marino (Italian: Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino) is a country in the Apennine Mountains. It is a landlocked enclave, completely surrounded by Italy. One of the European microstates, San Marino has the smallest population of all the members of the Council of Europe. San Marino claims to be the oldest constitutional republic in the world: it was founded on 3 September 301 by Marinus of Rab, a Christian stonemason fleeing the religious persecution of Roman Emperor Diocletian. San Marino's constitution, dating back to 1600, is the world's oldest written constitution still in effect.[1] Contents [hide]1 History 2 Geography 2.1 Municipalities 3 Politics 4 Economy 4.1 Taxation 5 Demographics 6 Military 6.1 Crossbow Corp... Devamı

Russia

2008-01-26 08:33:00

RussiaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchРоссийская ФедерацияRossiyskaya Federatsiya Russian Federation   Flag Coat of arms  Anthem: Hymn of the Russian Federation  Capital(and largest city) Moscow55°45′N, 37°37′E Official languages Russian official throughout nation; thirty others co-official in various regions Demonym Russian Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Vladimir Putin  -  Prime Minister Viktor Zubkov Founded (862)1 Arrival of Rurik to Novgorod  Area  -  Total 17,075,400 km² (1st)6,592,800 sq mi   -  Water (%) 13 Population  -  2007 estimate 142,200,000 (9th)  -  2002 census 145,274,019   -  Density 8.3/km² (209th)21.8/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2006 estimate  -  Total $1.746 trillion (8th2)  -  Per capita $12,200 (59th) GDP (nominal) 2006 estimate  -  Total $987 billion (10th)  -  Per capita $6,856 (59th) Gini (2005) 40.5[1]  HDI (2005)  0.802 (high) (67th) Currency Ruble (RUB) Time zone (UTC+2 to +12)  -  Summer (DST)  (UTC+3 to +13) Internet TLD .ru (.su reserved), (.рф3 proposed) Calling code +7 1 Rurik, a viking warrior, establishes "Russ" or "Rhos" state at Novgorod, traditionally taken as a starting point of Russian history 2 Rank based on IMF April 2007 data. 3 The .рф Top-level domain has been proposed for the Russian Federation as of 2008 and will only accept domains which use the Cyrillic alphabet. Russia (Russian: Росси́я, Rossiya), also[2] the Russian Federation (Росси́йская Федера́ция, Rossiyskaya Federatsiya; listen (help·info)), is ... Devamı

Monaco

2008-01-26 08:32:00

MonacoFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchFor other uses, see Monaco (disambiguation).Principauté de Monaco Principality of Monaco   Flag Coat of arms  Motto: "Deo Juvante"  (Latin)"With God's Help" Anthem: Hymne Monégasque  Location of  Monaco  (circled in inset) on the European continent  (white) Capital Monaco [1] Largest Most populated quartier Monte Carlo Official languages French2 English,Italian,Monégasque Demonym Monegasque or Monacan Government Constitutional monarchy and Principality  -  Prince Albert II  -  Minister of State Jean-Paul Proust Independence  -  House of Grimaldi 1297  Area  -  Total 1.95 km² (231st)0.76 sq mi   -  Water (%) 0.0 Population  -  2007 estimate 32,671 (210th)  -  2000 census 32,020   -  Density 18,285/km² (1st)47,358/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate  -  Total $976 million (?)  -  Per capita $70,447 (€50,000)(Mid Sept. 07 est.) (2/3) HDI (2003) n/a (n/a) (unranked) Currency Euro (EUR) Time zone CET (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Internet TLD .mc Calling code +377 1 Monaco is a city-state.2 Italian, Monégasque and English are also spoken. Monaco is the world's most densely populated country and second-smallest independent nation; with a population of just 32,410 and an area of 1.96 square kilometres (485 acres), Monaco is the world's smallest French-speaking country. Contents [hide]1 Administrative division 2 History 3 Law and government 4 Economy 4.1 Tax haven 5 Monaco Grand Prix 6 Education 6.1 Colleges and universities 7 Demographics 8 Languages 9 Religion 9.1 Roman Catholicism 9.2 Anglican 9.3 Jewish 10 Security 11 Flag 12 See also 13 Notes 14 External links   [edit] Administrative divisionA small city in Europe. The distinction between State and City of Monaco is purely theoretical. The state in fact consist... Devamı