Switzerland

2008-01-26 08:42:00

SwitzerlandFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchFor other uses of the word Switzerland, see Switzerland (disambiguation). For uses of the word Swiss, see Swiss (disambiguation).Confoederatio Helvetica (Latin)Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (German)Confédération suisse (French)Confederazione Svizzera (Italian)Confederaziun svizra (Romansh) Swiss Confederation   Flag Coat of arms  Motto: Unus pro omnibus, omnes pro uno (Latin) (traditional)[1]"One for all, all for one" Anthem: "Swiss Psalm"  Location of  Switzerland  (orange) on the European continent  (white) Capital Berne (federal capital)46°57′N, 7°27′E Largest city Zürich Official languages German, French, Italian, Romansh[2] Demonym Swiss Government Direct democracyFederal parliamentary republic  -  Federal Council M. LeuenbergerP. Couchepin (Pres. 08)S. SchmidM. Calmy-ReyH.-R. Merz (VP 08)D. LeuthardE. Widmer-Schlumpf Independence  -  Foundation date 1 August[3] 1291   -  de facto 22 September 1499   -  Recognised 24 October 1648   -  Restored 7 August 1815   -  Federal state 12 September 1848  Area  -  Total 41,285 km² (136th)15,940 sq mi   -  Water (%) 4.2 Population  -  2006[4] estimate 7,508,700 (95th)  -  2000 census 7,288,010   -  Density 181.4/km² (61st)479.8/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate  -  Total $296.2 billion (38th)  -  Per capita $38,706 (6th) GDP (nominal) 2006 estimate  -  Total $388 billion (19th)  -  Per capita $56,711 (7th) Gini (2000) 33.7 (medium)  HDI (2007)  0.955 (high) (7th) Currency Swiss franc (CHF) Time zone CET (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Internet TLD .ch Calling code +41 Switzerland (German: Schweiz, French: Suisse, Italian: Svizzera, Romansh: Svizra), officially the Swiss Confederation (Confoedera... Devamı

Sweden

2008-01-26 08:40:00

SwedenFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, search This article may be too long.Please discuss this issue on the talk page and help summarize or split the content into subarticles of an article series. "Sverige" redirects here. For other uses, see Sweden (disambiguation) and Sverige (disambiguation). Konungariket Sverige Kingdom of Sweden   Flag Coat of arms  Motto: (Royal) "För Sverige - I tiden" 1"For Sweden – With the Times" ² Anthem: Du gamla, Du friaThou ancient, Thou freeRoyal anthem: KungssångenThe Song of the King Location of  Sweden  (dark green) – on the European continent  (light green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (light green) Capital(and largest city) Stockholm59°21′N, 18°4′E Official languages Swedish (de facto) Demonym Swedish Government Parliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy  -  King Carl XVI Gustaf  -  Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt  -  Speaker ofthe Riksdag Per Westerberg Consolidation Prehistoric  EU accession 1 January 1995 Area  -  Total 449,964 km² (55th)173,732 sq mi   -  Water (%) 8.7 Population  -  2007 estimate 9,142,8174 (88th)  -  1990 census 8,587,353   -  Density 20/km² (158th)52/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2006 estimate  -  Total $336 billion (35th)  -  Per capita $34,735 (15th) GDP (nominal) 2006 estimate  -  Total $384 billion (20th)  -  Per capita $47,069 (8th) Gini (2005) 23 (low)  HDI (2004)  0.956 (high) (6th) Currency Swedish krona (SEK) Time zone CET (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Internet TLD .se5 Calling code +46 1 För Sverige - I tiden has been adopted by Carl XVI Gustaf as his personal motto. 2 See H.M. King Carl XVI Gustaf 3 The Swedish language is the de facto national language. Five other languages are officially recognized as minority languages. 4 Popula... Devamı

Spain

2008-01-26 08:39:00

SpainFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchThis article is about the country. For other uses, see Spain (disambiguation).Reino de España Kingdom of Spain   Flag Coat of arms  Motto: "Plus Ultra"  (Latin)"Further Beyond" Anthem: "Marcha Real" 1  (Spanish)"Royal March"  Location of  Spain  (dark green) – on the European continent  (light green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (light green) Capital(and largest city) Madrid40°26′N, 3°42′W Official languages Spanish2, Demonym Spanish, Spaniard Government Parliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch King Juan Carlos I  -  President of   the Government José L. Rodríguez Zapatero Formation 15th century   -  Dynastic union 1516   -  Unification 1469   -    de facto 1716   -    de jure 1812  EU accession January 1, 1986 Area  -  Total 504,030 km² (51st)195,364 sq mi   -  Water (%) 1.04 Population  -  2007 estimate 45,116,894 (28th)  -  Density 79 people/km² (106th)220/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2006[1] estimate  -  Total $1.261 trillion (11th)  -  Per capita $27,950 (2005) (27th) GDP (nominal) 2006[2] estimate  -  Total $1.224 trillion (9th)  -  Per capita $27,767 (2006) (26th) Gini (2000) 34.7 (medium)  HDI (2005) 0.949 (high) (13th) Currency Euro (€) ³ (EUR) Time zone CET4 (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Internet TLD .es5 Calling code +34 1 Also serves as the Royal anthem. 2 In some autonomous communities, Aranese (Occitan), Basque, Catalan/Valencian, and Galician are co-official languages. 3 Prior to 1999 (by law, 2002) : Spanish Peseta. 4 Except in the Canary Islands, which are in the WET time zone (UTC, UTC+1 in summer). 5 The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other Europ... Devamı

South Ossetia

2008-01-26 08:38:00

South OssetiaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchХуссар Ирыстонსამხრეთ ოსეთიЮжная Осетия South Ossetia  Area  -  Total 3,900 km² 1,506 sq mi   -  Water (%) negligible Population  -  2000 estimate 70,000   -  Density 18/km² 46.6/sq mi Time zone (UTC+3) Government of the Republic of South Ossetia   Flag Coat of arms  Anthem: unknown Capital Tskhinvali42°14′N, 43°58′E Official languages Ossetian, Russian1 Government  -  President Eduard Kokoity  -  Prime Minister Yury Morozov De facto independence from Georgia  -  Declared November 28, 1991   -  Recognition none  Currency Russian ruble (RUB) 1 Russian in widespread use by government and other institutions. Provisional Administration of South Ossetia   Flag Coat of arms  Capital Kurta Official languages Ossetian, Georgian Government  -  Head of the Administration Dmitri Sanakoyev [1]  -  Interior Minister Jemal Karkusov Temporary provisional administrative entity of Georgia 1  -  Established April, 2007   -  Recognition Only by Georgia  Currency Georgian lari (GEL) 1 Administration was set up by the Georgian government as a temporary measure before final solution on South Ossetia status. As of June 26, 2007 Georgia is proposing autonomous republic status for South Ossetia within the Georgian state. South Ossetia (Ossetian: Хуссар Ирыстон, Khussar Iryston; Georgian: სამხრეთ ოსეთი, Samkhret Oseti; Russian: Южная i... Devamı

Slovenia

2008-01-26 08:37:00

SloveniaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, search This article needs additional citations for verification.Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2008) Republika Slovenija Republic of Slovenia   Flag Coat of arms  Anthem: 7th stanza of Zdravljica   Location of  Slovenia  (orange) – on the European continent  (camel & white)– in the European Union  (camel)                  [Legend] Capital(and largest city) Ljubljana46°03′N, 14°30′E Official languages Slovenian1 Demonym Slovenian, Slovene Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Danilo Türk  -  Prime Minister Janez Janša Independence from Yugoslavia   -  Declared June 25, 1991   -  Recognized 1992  EU accession May 1, 2004 Area  -  Total 20,273 km² (153rd)7,827 sq mi   -  Water (%) 0.6 Population  -  2008 estimate 2.023.358 2 (143rd)  -  2002 census 1,964,036   -  Density 99,6/km² (80th)251/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate  -  Total $47.841 billion (83rd)  -  Per capita $26,576 [1] (29th) HDI (2005)  0.917 (high) (27th) Currency Euro (€)3 (EUR) Time zone CET (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Internet TLD .si4 Calling code +386 1 Italian and Hungarian in the residential municipalities of the Italian or Hungarian national community.2 Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia: Population, Slovenia, 30 June 20073 Prior to 2007: Slovenian tolar4 Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states. Slovenia, officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovenian: Republika Slovenija, listen (help·info)), is a country in southern Central Europe bordering Italy to the west, the Adriatic Sea ... Devamı