Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm

2008-01-26 07:04:00

Seljuk Sultanate of RûmFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia(Redirected from Sultanate of Rûm)Jump to: navigation, search This article needs additional citations for verification.Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2008) Contents [hide]1 Establishment 2 Downfall 3 Art and Architecture 4 The Dynasty 5 References 6 Sources 7 See also 8 External links   Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm ←  1077 – 1307  →  The Sultanate before the First Crusade, controlling virtually all of Anatolia Capital İznikKonya Political structure Empire Sultans  - 1060-1077 Kutalmish  - 1303-1308 Mesud II History   - Division from the Great Seljuq Empire 1077  - Internal struggles 1307  The Seljuk Sultanate of Rum was the Seljuk Turkish sultanate that ruled in Anatolia in direct lineage from 1077 to 1307, with capitals first at İznik and then at Konya. Since the sultans of Rum were highly mobile, cities like Kayseri and Sivas also ********ed at times as capitals. At its height the sultanate stretched across central Turkey from the Antalya-Alanya shoreline on the Mediterranean coast to the territory of Sinop on the Black Sea. In the east, the sultanate absorbed other Turkish states and reached to Lake Van. Its westernmost limit was near Denizli and the gates of the Aegean basin. The term "Rum" comes from the Arabic word for Rome. The Seljuks called the lands of their sultanate Rum because it had been established on territory long considered Roman by Muslim armies.[1] Contemporary Turkish historians prefer the term "Anatolian Seljuk Sultanate" (Anadolu Selçukluları) or, more recently, "Seljuks of Turkey" (Türkiye Selçukluları). The state is occasionally called the "Sultanate of Konya" or "Sultanate of Iconium" in older western sources. The sultanate prospered, particularly during the late 12th and early 13th centuries when it won fro... Devamı